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Table 3 Associations between MusiQoL dimension scores and sociodemographics, clinical characteristics, and cognitive function

From: Cognitive function and quality of life in multiple sclerosis patients: a cross-sectional study

  ADLa PWBa RFra SPTa RFaa RHCSa SSLa COPa REJa Indexa
Gender*           
Women 28.64 (21.36) 44.43 (26.21) 63.47 (24.36) 50.64 (24.70) 71.47 (26.54) 70.51 (18.23) 53.13 (31.49) 53.07 (29.99) 60.28 (34.96) 54.63 (11.88)
Men 31.72 (21.17) 59.68 (19.86) 60.20 (24.17) 59.29 (21.93) 73.14 (22.65) 68.14 (21.15) 44.21 (31.76) 59.30 (28.49) 73.89 (29.77) 59.28 (13.14)
p* 0.28 0.002 0.41 0.04 0.99 0.70 0.19 0.28 0.03 0.08
Educational level*           
<12 years 27.93 (16.61) 48.78 (25.54) 62.08 (25.51) 49.90 (24.71) 71.17 (27.02) 73.84 (18.91) 47.84 (33.64) 53.29 (28.59) 64.73 (34.30) 55.76 (13.00)
≥ 12 years 32.25 (25.54) 53.49 (23.87) 61.98 (22.80) 59.49 (21.91) 73.37 (22.28) 64.30 (19.04) 50.91 (29.50) 58.51 (30.41) 67.40 (32.70) 57.78 (12.09)
p* 0.79 0.36 0.81 0.03 0.91 0.007 0.71 0.36 0.77 0.31
Marital status*           
Single 31.04 (22.14) 50.00 (26.69) 56.25 (27.59) 51.73 (23.33) 63.30 (27.61) 65.30 (19.73) 34.89 (33.79) 52.88 (32.24) 65.50 (35.01) 52.53(14.44)
Married/partnership 28.94 (20.54) 51.81 (23.20) 66.73 (20.12) 56.60 (24.27) 79.86 (19.41) 73.13 (18.67) 59.09 (26.29) 58.41 (26.28) 69.32 (31.81) 59.57 (10.23)
p* 0.65 0.52 0.06 0.26 0.002 0.05 0.001 0.45 0.34 0.03
Living*           
Personal home 30.65 (21.96) 52.97 (24.22) 63.32 (23.41) 54.89 (24.25) 71.76 (25.04) 70.03 (19.48) 49.38 (31.92) 58.52 (28.65) 68.27 (32.93) 57.33 (12.47)
Friend/family home 27.91 (15.04) 35.90 (24.39) 54.55 (30.36 48.88 (19.84) 69.23 (27.08) 65.38 (20.08) 28.57 (25.73) 41.34 (32.03) 58.65 (32.02) 51.46 (14.00)
p* 0.88 0.03 0.22 0.36 0.79 0.35 0.10 0.07 0.23 0.31
Occupational status*           
Working 40.84 (22.53) 54.38 (26.65) 59.48 (23.12) 56.82 (24.19) 76.58 (25.35) 70.68 (20.33) 52.00 (30.34) 57.41 (27.13) 65.95 (31.32) 57.08 (14.44)
Not working 25.96 (19.20) 50.47 (23.83) 64.47 (24.35) 53.15 (24.19) 70.36 (25.01) 68.91 (19.43) 48.05 (33.13) 55.07 (30.61) 66.83 (33.80) 56.89 (11.95)
p* 0.001 0.57 0.20 0.52 0.20 0.58 0.62 0.76 0.80 0.80
MS subtype**           
RRb 39.33 (23.67) 48.61 (24.25) 59.31 (26.61) 48.11 (25.29) 65.53 (27.74) 75.39 (16.54) 44.64 (28.95) 62.90 (31.54) 62.10 (31.04) 56.59 (10.27)
PPb 19.10 (16.39) 51.43 (22.59) 57.02 (25.80) 52.63 (21.18) 75.44 (23.28) 60.09 (23.50) 54.17 (36.49) 52.78 (23.70) 69.85 (37.00) 54.98 (16.88)
SPb 25.61 (17.06) 51.76 (26.07) 65.20 (23.96) 57.75 (23.88) 73.03 (23.94) 69.52 (19.22) 48.37 (32.12) 51.56 (30.25) 67.55 (35.20) 56.56 (12.77)
CISb 50.52 (26.62) 59.72 (26.41) 63.89 (15.51) 67.71 (14.48) 86.11 (13.61) 66.67 (15.81) 70.83 (31.46) 58.33 (28.14) 62.50 (26.22) 64.77 (8.95)
p** 0.001 0.82 0.61 0.14 0.29 0.13 0.45 0.30 0.63 0.73
Cognitive function*           
No deficit 31.03 (20.73) 52.08 (25.34) 61.42 (22.04) 58.22 (23.30) 74.27 (22.55) 67.26 (18.25) 52.55 (29.53) 59.72 (27.00) 63.39 (30.97) 57.10 (12.16)
Deficit 28.73 (22.53) 50.71 (24.13) 60.66 (26.65) 52.14 (26.00) 67.98 (28.81) 70.72 (20.45) 44.20 (36.08) 50.00 (32.57) 72.26 (36.44) 54.82 (14.14)
p* 0.34 0.86 1.00 0.25 0.42 0.36 0.31 0.15 0.11 0.68
EDSSd*** -0.40 0.09 0.15 0.12 0.08 -0.12 0.10 -0.06 0.17 0.12
p 0.001 0.37 0.13 0.23 0.43 0.24 0.37 0.58 0.09 0.30
Disease duration*** -0.05 -0.07 0.08 0.03 -0.13 -0.04 0.05 0.03 0.10 0.06
p 0.59 0.48 0.45 0.76 0.16 0.68 0.64 0.80 0.32 0.56
Age*** -0.05 0.13 0.07 0.06 -0.07 0.06 -0.04 0.18 0.13 0.06
p 0.57 0.17 0.47 0.54 0.46 0.55 0.71 0.07 0.19 0.59
  1. aADL activity of daily living, PWB psychological well-being, RFr relationships with friends, SPT symptoms, RFa relationships with family, RHCS relationships with health care system, SSL sentimental and sexual life, COP coping, REJ rejection
  2. bRR Relapsing remitting, PP Primary progressive, SP Secondary progressive, CIS Clinically isolated syndrome
  3. cCognitive function is defined as a deficit from BRB-N with at least three of eight impaired subtests
  4. dEDSS Expanded Disability Status Scale
  5. * mean (standard deviation), p: p-value Mann-Whitney test
  6. ** mean (standard deviation), p: p-value Kruskal-Wallis test
  7. *** Spearman's correlation coefficient, p: p-value Spearman's test
  8. Bold values: p < 0.05